Coceira e ferida na pele. Quando procurar um médico?

O câncer de pele raramente causa sintomas incômodos até as lesões se tornarem muito grandes, podendo coçar, sangrar ou mesmo apresentar dor intensa, mas normalmente são visíveis e podem ser sentidas muito antes de chegar a este ponto.

Câncer de Pele Basocelular

O carcinoma basocelular geralmente se desenvolve em áreas expostas ao sol, especialmente áreas da cabeça e do pescoço, mas pode ocorrer em qualquer parte do corpo.

Os principais sinais e sintomas dos carcinomas basocelulares são:

  • Protuberância de cor rósea brilhante, avermelhada, branco perolado ou transparente.
  • Área avermelhada, em relevo ou irritada, que pode descascar ou coçar.
  • Lesão rósea com borda elevada e parte central encrostada.
  • Cicatriz com área branca, amarela ou cerosa, e bordas mal definidas.
  • Ferida com sangramento, que permanece aberta durante várias semanas.

Câncer de Pele Espinocelular

O carcinoma espinocelular tende a ocorrer em áreas do corpo expostas ao sol, como face, orelha, pescoço, lábios e dorso das mãos. Também pode se desenvolver em cicatrizes ou feridas em outros locais da pele.

Os principais sinais e sintomas dos carcinomas espinocelulares são:

  • Mancha persistente, escamosa, vermelha, com bordas irregulares, que sangra facilmente.
  • Crescimento elevado, às vezes com uma área inferior no centro.
  • Ferida aberta que persiste por semanas.
  • Crescimentos similares a verrugas.

Estes e outros tipos de câncer de pele também podem ter aspectos diferentes dos citados acima, por isso é importante que qualquer alteração na pele seja examinada por seu médico para que a causa seja diagnosticada e, se necessário, iniciado o tratamento.

Fonte: American Cancer Society (10/05/2016)

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